In May 2015 the European Parlement Research Services published a briefing titled Cycling Mobility in the EU. This briefing contains a useful background to the many issues and benefits of increasing cycling levels across the EU. A copy of this briefing can be found at the bottom of this page.
The following is an extract which summarises the EU policies and support for cycling:
While no cycling policy currently exists at EU level, cycling is relevant to several EU policy areas. In the area of transport in particular, policy developments on issues such as urban mobility or road safety have a direct bearing on cycling. Cycling initiatives are Figure 1 – Cyclist fatalities in road fatalities in EU countries between 2010 and 2014 Data source: European Commission, DG MOVE, Statistical pocketbooks 2010-2014. EPRS Cycling mobility in the EU Members' Research Service Page 4 of 8 also possible within other programmes or frameworks including, for example, regional policy or research. The European Commission takes cycling into account in various transport policy documents. In its 2010 policy orientations on road safety 2011-2020 , one of the strategic objectives identified was the protection of vulnerable road users (including cyclists), with subsequent publication of a call for proposals in 2014 for actions to improve road safety in this respect. In its Urban Mobility Package of 2013, the Commission recommends an approach based on sustainable urban mobility plans. These should coordinate all action on mobility across individual policy areas to foster balanced development and better integration of the different transport modes, while encouraging more sustainable ones. In this way, cycling can be fully integrated into urban mobility policies and infrastructure design. Cycling is also taken into account in relation to cycling tourism. In the context of developing sustainable tourism, the Commission awarded grants to selected projects to develop cycling routes throughout Europe. It also supported the coordination and promotion of the international EuroVelo routes (see box) and cycle tourism in a wider context. From 2013 onwards, EU legislation encourages the development of transport and tourism synergies on the trans-European transport network.